Program and PowerPoints for Second Symposium on The Ocean in a High-CO2 World

Sunday, 5 October


Ice-Breaker Reception (and Registration)


17:00 – 18:00    Registration (access to the Musée Océanographique after registering)


18:00 – 19:30    Ice-Breaker Reception (registration continues; access to 1st floor access only)


Day 1: Monday, 6 October


8:00 – 9:00        Registration


9:00 - 9:30         Opening & Welcome

9:00 - 9:15         Robert Calcagno – Minister for Public Works, the Environment and Urban Development (Monaco)

9:15 - 9:20         Nadia Ounais, Executive Director, Musée Océanographique

9:20 - 9:30         James Orr – MEL/IAEA, Monaco, Chair, Planning Committees


Scenarios of ocean acidification James Orr, Chair


9:30 – 10:00      Invited: Present and future changes of carbonate systems in the global oceans – Richard Feely, NOAA/PMEL, Seattle, USA


10:00 – 10:15    Impact of climate change mitigation on ocean acidification projectionsGian-Kasper Plattner, ETH Zurich, Switzerland


10:15 – 10:30    CO2 emission targets for future changes in ocean carbon chemistryRichard Zeebe, University of Hawaii, USA


10:30 – 10:45    High vulnerability of Eastern boundary upwelling systems to ocean acidification – Nicolas Gruber, ETH Zurich, Switzerland


10:45 11:15    Coffee Break


Impacts on benthic and pelagic calcifiers Denis Allemand, Chair


11:15 – 11:45    Invited: Impact of ocean acidification on benthic organisms – Jean-Pierre Gattuso, LOV, Villefranche-sur-mer, France


11:45 – 12:00    Poorly cemented coral reefs of the eastern tropical Pacific: possible insights into reef development in a high-CO2 world– Joan Kleypas, National Center for Atmospheric Research, USA        


12:00 – 14:00    Lunch


14:00 – 14:15    The impact of ocean acidification and temperature on the reproduction and development of oysters and the potential of genetic differences to ameliorate climate change – Laura Parker, University of Western Sydney, Australia - not posted, unpublished work


14:15 – 14:30    Latitudinal variation in calcification: vulnerability of Antarctic benthic calcifiers to ocean acidificationSue-Anne Watson, National Oceanography Centre Southampton, UK


14:30 – 15:00    Invited: Pelagic calcifiers: pteropods and forams – Victoria Fabry, Cal. State University, San Marcos, USA - not posted, unpublished work


15:00 – 15:15    Interannual variability of pteropod shell weights in the high-CO2 Southern OceanDonna Roberts, Antarctic Climate & Ecosystems CRC, Hobart, Australia


15:15                Coffee break


Ocean carbon system: past & present Peter Haugan, Chair


15:45 – 16:15    Invited: Controls on evolution of ocean carbonate chemistry over the past 109 years – Ken Caldeira, Department of Global Ecology, Carnegie Institution, Stanford, USA


16:15 – 16:30    Boron isotope evidence of ocean acidification in the Neoproterozoic – Simone Kasemann, University of Edinburgh, UK - - not posted, unpublished work


16:30 – 16:45    Reduced calcification in modern Southern Ocean planktonic foraminifera – Andrew Moy (William Howard), Antarctic Climate & Ecosystems CRC, University of Tasmania, Australia


16:45 – 17:00    Current rates of change in pH and calcium carbonate saturation in the high-latitude North Atlantic Ocean  – Jon Olafsson, Marine Research Institute, Reykjavik, Iceland


17:00 – 17:15    Low winter CaCO3 saturation in the Baltic Sea and consequences for calcifiers – Toby Tyrrell, National Oceanography Centre, Southampton University, UK



Effects of ocean acidification on nutrient and metal speciation Silvio Pantoja, Chair


17:15 – 17:45    Invited: Ocean acidification and metal speciation – Hein de Baar, Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research, the Netherlands


17:45 – 18:00    Ocean acidification effects on iron speciation in seawater – Eike Breitbarth, Department of Chemistry, University of Gothenburg, Sweden

 - not posted, unpublished work


18:00 – 20:00    Poster Session 1 (with refreshments)



Day 2: Tuesday, 7 October


Mechanisms of Calcification  –  Joanie Kleypas, Chair


8:30 – 9:00        Invited: Biomineralization mechanisms in marine calcifiers in view of ocean acidification –   Jonathan Erez, Institute of Earth Sciences, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel


9:00 – 9:15        Effect of acidification on coral calcification: working hypothesis towards a physiological mechanismFrancesca Marubini (Denis Allemand), Centre Scientifique de Monaco


9:15 – 9:30        Predictions of carbon fixation during a bloom of Emiliyana Huxleyi is highly sensitive to assumed response to shift in pCO2Olivier Bernard, INRIA-COMORE, Sophia-Antipolis, France


Physiological effects: from microbes to fish Victoria Fabry, Chair


9:30 – 10:00      Invited: Physiological Mechanisms Linking Climate to Ecosystem Change: Effects of Ocean Acidification on Marine Animals in Times of Ocean Warming – Hans-Otto Pörtner, Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research (AWI), Germany


10:00 – 10:30    Invited: Impacts of Ocean Change on Primary ProducersUlf Riebesell, Leibniz Institute of Marine Sciences (IFM-GEOMAR), Germany


10:30 – 11:00    Coffee Break


11:00 – 11:30    Invited: CO2 leakage in the deep ocean and its effect on biota and biogeochemistry – lessons from natural analogues for CO2 disposal in the ocean  – Antje Boetius, MPI für Marine Microbiology, Bremen, Germany  


11:30 – 11:45    Effects of hypercapnic acidification of seawater on the biology of non-calcifying marine organisms – Erik Thuesen, Evergreen State College, Laboratory, Olympia, USA - not posted, unpublished work


11:45 – 12:00    Predicting the impact of ocean acidification on benthic biodiversity: what can animal physiology tell us? – Stephen Widdicombe, Plymouth Marine Laboratory, UK


12:00 – 14:00    Lunch


Fisheries, food webs, and ecosystem impacts (PICES-ICES session) Patrick Lehodey, Chair


14:00 – 14:30    Invited: Consequences of Ocean Acidification for Fisheries Jan Helge Fosså, Institute of Marine Research, Bergen, Norway


14:30 – 15:00    An ocean acidification simulation experiment with benthic animals using a precise pCO2 control system Yukihiro Nojiri, CGER/NIES, Tskuba, Japan     


15:00 – 15:15    Natural CO2 vents reveal ecological tipping points due to ocean acidification – Jason Hall-Spencer, Marine Institute, Biological Sciences, University of Plymouth, UK


15:15 – 15:30    Salmon pHishing in the northeast Pacific; an archaeological dig in the North Pacific survey data (19561964) – Skip Mckinnell, North Pacific Marine Science Organization, Sidney, Canada


15:30 – 16:00    Coffee Break


CO2 Disposal Ken Caldeira, Chair


16:00 – 16:30    Invited: Effects of CO2 capture and storage on ocean acidification Peter Haugan, Geophysical Institute, University of Bergen, Norway    


16:30 – 16:45    Modelling of CO2 dispersion leaked from seafloor off Japanese coast Yuki Kano (Toru Sato), AIST ( and University of Tokyo), Japan


17:00 – 19:00    Poster Session 2


Tuesday Evening Symposium Events:


19:00 – 20:00    Symposium Cocktail – Aquarium (in the Musée Océanographique)


20:00 – 22:00    Symposium Dinner - 1st Floor of Musée Océanographique (stand-up buffet)



DAY 3: Wednesday, 8 October


Adaptation and microevolution Ulf Riebesell, Chair


8:30 – 9:00        Invited: A brief history of skeletons in the ocean   Andrew Knoll, Harvard University, USA


9:00 – 9:15        Influence of high CO2 on coccolithophores under long-term cultivationMarius Müller,  Leibniz Institute of Marine Sciences, Germany



New concerns Ulf Riebesell, Chair


9:15 – 9:30        Impact of ocean acidification underwater sound: reduced low frequency absorption, increased noise levels, potentially higher stress for marine mammals David Browning, Department of Physics, University of Rhode Island, USA - Cancelled


9:30 – 9:45        Experimental approaches of carbonate chemistry manipulation in CO2 perturbation studies  – Kai Schulz, Leibniz Institute for Marine Sciences (IFM-GEOMAR), Germany


Biogeochemical consequences and feedbacks to the Earth system Nicolas Gruber, Chair


9:45 – 10:15      Invited : Biogeochemical consequences of ocean acidification Laurent Bopp, Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement CEA-CNRS-UVSQ, IPSL, Gif-sur-Yvette, France


10:15 – 10:45    Coffee Break


10:45 – 11:00    Dissolution of CaCO3 in shallow water carbonate environments in the high CO2 world of the Anthropocene  Andreas Andersson, Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences, Bermuda


11:00 – 11:15    Impacts of ocean acidification on marine biogenic trace gas production Frances Hopkins, Laboratory for Global Marine and Atmospheric Chemistry, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK


11:15– 11:30     From laboratory manipulations to Earth system models: an ‘Eppley curve’ for calcification rate? Andy Ridgwell, University of Bristol, UK


11:30 – 13:00    Lunch


13:00 – 15:15    Breakout sessions

1.    Natural and Artificial Perturbation Experiments to Assess Acidification (e.g., paleoceanography, spatial variability, and mesocosm studies, modeling)

2.    Observational Networks for Tracking Acidification and its Impacts (e.g., sensor development, observation networks, ecosystem responses, modelling)

3.    Scaling Organism to Ecosystem Acidification Effects and Feedbacks on Climate (e.g., organism dose-response, modeling)



15:15 – 15:45    Coffee Break


15:45 – 17:00    Reports from Breakout sessions



Closing summaries for 3-day science meeting – James Orr, Chair


17:00 – 17:40    Scientific Perspectives – Jean-Pierre Gattuso


17:40 – 18:00    James Orr, Planning committee chair (statements from planning committee)



DAY 4: Thursday, 9 October (still preliminary)


Beyond natural science


09:00 – 09:20    Opening  – H.S.H. Prince Albert II, Monaco


09:20 – 09:50    Science summary from 1st three days of the symposiumCarol Turley


09:50 – 10:20    Basic Economics of Ocean Acidification Hermann Held


10:20 – 10:50    Ocean acidification for PolicymakersJohn Baxter


10:50 – 11:20    Coffee Break


Press conference


11:30 – 12:30    Press conference in English and French


12:30 – 13:30    Lunch


Outreach for local students and teachers (in French)  


14:00 – 16:00    Presentations and hands-on workshop potentially organized with CarboSchools, EPOCA EU Project, Musée Océanographique, Océanopolis, & l’Education Nationale de Monaco


Questions or Comments?
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